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Something You Need To Know About Single Mode ITU-T Optical Fiber

Something You Need To Know About Single Mode ITU-T Optical Fiber

Optical Fiber Access


As a new generation of mobile communication technology, 5G requires new improvements in network bandwidth, latency and synchronization. In order to help operators quickly deploy 5G networks, major optical fiber suppliers have successively R&D and produced 5G-related products.


Since the official launch of 5G, new optical fibers such as TXF, SMF-28 Ultra and SMF-28 Ultra200 from world-renowned optical fiber suppliers - Corning, have been widely used in the core network and access network of 5G networks. These fibers is compliant with ITU-T G652D and ITU-T G657A1 standards. In order to help you better understand the difference between various types of optical fibers, this article will introduce you about the standards of common ITU-T optical fiber in detail.


ITU-T standards, also known as ITU-T Recommendations, describe the geometric and transmission characteristics of single-mode and multi-mode fibers. There are currently seven common ITU-T standards: ITU-T G6511, ITU-T G652, ITU-T G653, ITU-T G654, ITU-T G655, ITU-T G656 and ITU-T G657.


ITU-T G652 - Single Mode Fiber is suitable for CWDM Systems.


ITU-T G652 is the first single-mode fiber standard formulated by ITU-T, four revisions of G652A, G652B, G652C and G652D have been released before and after. Among them, G652A and G652B fiber have poor performance in modern WDM applications, so they are rarely used now, while G652C and G652D fiber can eliminate the water absorption peak (ZWP-zero water peak) near the wavelength of 1383nm, so they can be used in the wavelength region between 1310nm and 1550nm, and supports Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing (CWDM) transmission application. G652D fiber is currently the most advanced technology and is often chosen as the first choice of fiber for deploying single-mode fiber due to its superior bending resistance.


Fiber type

Features

Wavelength Range

Application

G652A

The maximum PMDQ is 0.5ps/✔km

O 、C wavelength

Support STM-16 applications specified by ITU-T G957 and G691, as well as 10G Ethernet with a maximum transmission distance of 40km and STM-256 applications specified by ITU-T G693

G652B

The maximum attenuation is in the 1625nm wavelength region; the maximum PMDQ is 0.2ps/✔km

O、C、 L wavelength

Supports higher bit rate applications up to STM-64, such as some applications specified by ITU-T G691 and G692, and for STM-256 applications specified by ITU-T G693 and G9591

G652C

The maximum attenuation is in the wavelength region of 1383nm (equal to or lower than 1310nm); the maximum PMDQ = 0.5ps/✔km

E、S、C 、 L wavelength

Similar to G652A, but this standards allows fiber transmission in the 1360nm to 1530nm wavelength range, suitable for CWDM systems

G652D

The maximum attenuation is in the wavelength range of 1310-1625nm; the maximum attenuation value is in the wavelength region of 1383nm (equal to or lower than 1310nm); the maximum PMDQ is 0.2ps/✔km

O、E、S、C 、 L wavelength

Similar to G652B, but this standard allows fiber transmission in the 1360nm to 1530nm wavelength range, suitable for CWDM systems


ITU-T G655 Single-mode Fiber Is Suitable For Traditional Long-distance of CWDM Systems.


ITU-T G655 defines the use of non-zero dispersion-shifted single-mode fibers in the 1550nm and 1625nm wavelength regions, and it includes five fiber types: G655A, G655B, G655C, G655D, and G655E. This fiber was originally mainly used for wavelengths from 1530nm to 1565nm, and was later defined by ITU-T G655 for wavelengths used from 1460nm to 1625nm. G655 fiber was commonly used in WDM applications and long-haul lines backbone applications before 2005, but it was later discontinued and replaced by G652D fiber.


Fiber type

Features

Wavelength Range

Application

G655A

Maximum attenuation only at 1550nm wavelength region; CD value lower than Class B and Class C

C wavelength

Supports DWDM transmission (G652) applications in C wavelength with channel spacing as low as 200GHz

G655B

The attenuation is the largest at the wavelength region of 1550nm and 1625nm; the maximum PMDQ=0.5ps/✔km

C+L wavelength

Supports DWDM transmission (G652) applications in C+L wavelength, with channel spacing as low as 100GHz

G655C

The attenuation is the largest at the wavelength region of 1550nm and 1625nm; the maximum PMDQ=0.2ps/✔km

O to C wavelength

Similar to G655B, but allows for high bit rate transmission applications with a maximum transmission distance of 2000KM for STM-64 (10Gbps); also suitable for STM-256 (40Gbps)

G655D

The attenuation is the largest at the wavelength region of 1550nm and 1625nm; the maximum PMDQ=0.2ps/✔km

C+L wavelength

When the wavelength is above 1530nm, it supports applications similar to G655B; when the wavelength is below 1530nm, it can support CWDM applications at 1471nm and higher channels

G655E

The attenuation is the largest at the wavelength region of 1550nm and 1625nm; the maximum PMDQ=0.2ps/✔km

C+L wavelength

Similar to G655D, but higher CD value in applications with small channel spacing


ITU-T G657 Bend-Insensitive Single-Mode Optical Fibers for FTTH Systems


ITU-T G657 is the latest version of the single-mode fiber standards that defines the properties of bend-insensitive single-mode fibers. G657 optical fiber is mainly used in broadband optical fiber access network of telecommunication bureaus and fiber-to-the-home in apartment buildings and single-family houses. G657 includes two fiber types: G657A and G657B. G657A fiber complies with the current G652D standards, but its macrobending performance is approximately ten times that of G652D fiber. G657B fiber does not conform to any of the previous ITU-T standards, but it is a true bend-insensitive fiber, and its performance is hundreds of times better than traditional single mode fiber and dozens of times better than G657A fiber. G657A fiber and G657B fiber can be further divided into G657A1,G657A2, G657B2 and G657B3 fiber according to the different macrobending performance. Among them,the macrobending performance of G657B fiber is better than that of G657A fiber.


Fiber type

Features

Wavelength Range

Application

G657A1

At 15mm bending radius, 10 turns;       

The maximum attenuation is 0.25dB/km at 1550nm wavelength region; 

The maximum attenuation is 0.1dB/km at 1625nm wavelength region;             

The maximum PMDQ is 0.2ps/✔km

Wavelength from O to L

Similar to G652D, optimized access installation for macrobend, loss and other parameters

G657B

At 15mm bending radius, 10 turns;

The maximum attenuation is 0.3dB/km at 1550nm wavelength region; 

The maximum attenuation is 0.1dB/km at 1625nm wavelength region.

Wavelength from O to L

Supports optimized access network installations with very small bend radius in fiber management systems, especially for installations with limited distances


What Is the Difference Among G652, G655 and G657 Fiber?


G657A Fiber VS G657B Fiber

Both G657A fiber and G657B fiber are bend-insensitive fibers designed for FTTH systems. G657A fibers are backward compatible with G652D fibers, helping to save installation and deployment costs by seamlessly connecting with installed G652D fibers. G657B fiber requires a complete set of installation solutions, so the wiring will limited and the cost will be increased accordingly. The advantage of G657B fiber is its excellent bend insensitivity, which is suitable for network deployment in multi-tenant buildings. Installers may face harsh environments with very small bend diameters, and using G657B fiber can reduce unnecessary hassle.


G652D Fiber VS G655 Fiber

Both G652D and G655 fiber can be used in WDM system, but due to their different fiber characteristics, there will be slight differences in application. G652D fiber is a low water peak fiber with the advantage of improving attenuation performance, mainly used in CWDM systems. The advantage of G655 fiber is low dispersion, which is mainly used in CWDM systems in the wavelength range of 1550nm~1625nm.

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