Specifically, the working principle of the GPON splitter is as follows: First, the optical signal is sent from the OLT (Optical Line Terminal, optical terminal) and transmitted to the splitter through the optical fiber. Then, inside the splitter, the optical signal is split into different wavelengths, which correspond to different users. Each user has an independent wavelength, so they can communicate using the same fiber network at the same time without interfering with each other.
In the process, the splitter also converts the optical signal into an electrical signal so that the user's device can correctly decode and process the data. After the electrical signal is processed accordingly, a reply message is sent to the OLT through the splitter.
In short, the GPON splitter is an essential part of the optical fiber network, which can realize efficient communication between multiple users sharing the same optical fiber network. By separating and converting the optical signal, the splitter can ensure that each user can receive and send data independently, thus realizing high-speed and stable network connection.